M. HEMANTH KUMAR*, G.L.K. REDDY AND M.R. SEKHAR
Agricultural Research Station, Perumallapalle, ANGRAU, AP 517 505 India
Fifty-four groundnut genotypes were evaluated for ten morphological and biochemical characters related to quality. For morphological characters like high kernel yield, high shelling percentage, high 100 seed weight, desirable testa colour and elongated shape, the genotype, TPT 4 along with ICGV 86584, TG 40, M 13 and ICG 7633 were adjudged as the best genotypes. Whereas, TPT 4 along with TCGS 584, ICG 1326 and ICG 3643 were identified as superior genotypes for biochemical characters like low aflatoxin content, low oil percentage, high protein and high non-reducing sugar content. Though combination of kernel yield with quality was difficult to find, in view of the relative desirability of quality characters vis-à-vis kernel yield the genotypes; TPT 4, M 13 and ICGV 86564 were identified as the best genotypes suitable for cultivation and trading as HPS varieties.
Groundnut, quality, morphological, biochemical characters