Violation of ethical codes, such as multiple submission, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like will make the article eligible for retraction. The author/concerned will be informed about the decision for article retraction and the article will duly be rejected and will not be published.
If the violation of the ethical code is found when the article is in the press, the original article is retained unchanged save for a watermark on the .pdf indicating on each page that it is “retracted”. A retraction note titled “Retraction: [article title]” signed by the authors and/or the editor is published in the paginated part of a subsequent issue of the journal and listed in the contents list.
• The online article is preceded by a screen containing the retraction note.
• The HTML version of the document will be removed.