P. VISHNUVARDHAN, B. APARNA, S. RAJESWARI AND B. RAMANA MURTHY
Department of Agricultural Economics, S.V Agricultural College, ANGRAU, Tirupati 517502, Chittoor Dt., Andhra Pradesh
Tenant farming is an agricultural production system in which a tenant farmer traditionally refers to a farmer who does not
own the land that he lives on and works, but rather it is owned by a landlord. Generally, the landlord contributes the land, capital, and management, while the tenants contribute their labor, and possibly some capital. A study on tenurial contracts credit and market linkages was conducted in Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh. Both primary and secondary data was collected. At all India level, 3.26 per cent households reported leased-out land and 13.65 per cent households reported leased-in land. The highest percentage of leased-in households was reported in Andhra Pradesh (37.21%). The share of leasing in the area to the operational area has declined during the period of study from 10.6 per cent to 10.2 per cent in India. The lease out land under terms of lease for fixed money was 55 per cent in Andhra Pradesh. Under fixed produce the maximum area of the leased out land was 34 per cent and under share of produce as terms of lease registered was less which was 3 per cent. In the study area 64 per cent of the tenant farmers took loans from the money lenders which showed dependence of tenant farmers on the Non–institutional sources for agricultural credit. Around 29 per cent of tenant cultivars were able to meet their farming expenses from their owned farms.
KEY WORDS:Tenurial contracts, credit, market linkages, institutional sources.